To do it, Cisco has implemented a good tool: traceroute mac.
The traceroute mac command output shows the Layer2 path when the specified source and destination addresses belong to the same VLAN. If you specify source and destination addresses that belong to different VLANs, the Layer 2 path is not identified, and an error message appears.
See you the example to understand how this feature works. Suppose to have two host WhoisUP 0.
Jan 12 An article by Fabio Semperboni Tutorial. Share on Facebook Share. Share on Twitter Tweet. Share on Google Plus Share.
The switch maintains static MAC address entries that are saved in its startup configuration across reboots VLAN MAC Address Type age Secure NTFY Ports. Can someone show me the commands to find a mac-address on a switch and if I know the port I am looking to find it on, also how i find the IP address on that.
Share on LinkedIn Share. Share on Digg Share. In Cisco technology, the traceroute mac command output shows the Layer2 path when the specified source and destination addresses belong to the same VLAN. The bridge learns the MAC address of each connected device. Bridges also buffer an incoming packet and adapt the transmission speed to that of the outgoing port. While there are specialized applications, such as storage area networks, where the input and output interfaces are the same bandwidth, this is not always the case in general LAN applications.
In LANs, a switch used for end user access typically concentrates lower bandwidth and uplinks into a higher bandwidth.
Interconnect between switches may be regulated using spanning tree protocol STP that disables links so that the resulting local area network is a tree without loops. In contrast to routers, spanning tree bridges must have topologies with only one active path between two points.
Shortest path bridging is a layer 2 alternative to STP allows all paths to be active with multiple equal cost paths. A layer-3 switch can perform some or all of the functions normally performed by a router. Most network switches, however, are limited to supporting a single type of physical network, typically Ethernet, whereas a router may support different kinds of physical networks on different ports.
With this awareness, a layer-3 switch can increase efficiency by delivering the traffic of a multicast group only to ports where the attached device has signalled that it wants to listen to that group.
Some layer-3 switches support the routing protocols that routers use to exchange information about routes between networks. While the exact meaning of the term layer-4 switch is vendor-dependent, it almost always starts with a capability for network address translation , [ citation needed ] and may add some type of load distribution based on TCP sessions or advanced QoS capabilities. Layer-7 switches may distribute the load based on uniform resource locators URLs , or by using some installation-specific technique to recognize application-level transactions. A layer-7 switch may include a web cache and participate in a content delivery network CDN.
Switches are available in many form factors, including stand-alone, desktop units which are typically intended to be used in a home or office environment outside a wiring closet ; rack-mounted switches for use in an equipment rack or an enclosure ; DIN rail mounted for use in industrial environments ; and small installation switches, mounted into a cable duct, floor box or communications tower, as found, for example, in fibre to the office infrastructures.
Rack-mounted switches may be standalone units, stackable switches or large chassis units with swappable line cards. It is difficult to monitor traffic that is bridged using a switch because only the sending and receiving ports can see the traffic.
These monitoring features are rarely present on consumer-grade switches. Other monitoring methods include connecting a layer-1 hub or network tap between the monitored device and its switch port. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Computer networking device. Cisco small business SG port Gigabit Ethernet rackmount switch and its internals.
It has been suggested that portions of this section be split out into another article titled Multilayer switch. Discuss July Main article: Bridging networking. In full duplex mode, each switch port can simultaneously transmit and receive, assuming the connected device also supports full duplex mode. The Internet Protocol Journal. Cisco Systems.
Retrieved Kohlhepp Network Computing. Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on About This Particular Macintosh blog. Retrieved June 9, Archived from the original PDF on 15 May Retrieved 11 May Tech Power Up. Layer 4 information is used to prioritize and queue traffic routers have done this for years - 2. Layer 4 information is used to direct application sessions to different servers next generation load balancing. Plus, a Global Crossing Story. Archived from the original on December 13, Categories : Ethernet Networking hardware.
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These are the secure addresses. Switch Port Mapper logs all the events performed using the tool with the name of the OpUtils User and the date and time of the event. Step 4 Type "enable" to enter privileged exec mode. Hello Hussein. Thanks, Peter. Hi Rene, I have a strange problem related to your post. Content for Community-Ad.